The millennium challenge corporation has ranked Zambia under the PF government among the best performing on the African continent. In its latest scorebook for Financial year 2020, the MCC report places Zambia highly in Government Effectiveness, Corruption management, Health sector funding, Rule of Law, Trade Policy, Regulatory quality, Gender in the economy, Access to Credit, Girl child education and Immunization rates among other indicators. This has earned Zambia qualification for access to more grants under the Millennium challenge account administered by the corporation.
The recent past has seen Zambia benefit in grants amounting to well over 450 million dollars towards the improvement of water and sanitation in Lusaka under the Millennium challenge account.
KEY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE FY 2020 SCOREBOOK ON ZAMBIA
The FY 2020 scorebook rates Zambia as follows in selected key indicators.
These indicators measure just and democratic governance, includinga country’s demonstrated commitment to promoting political pluralism, equality, and the rule of law; respecting human and civil rights; protecting private property rights; encouraging transparency and accountability of government; and combating corruption.
CIVIL LIBERTIES (ZAMBIA SCORED 75%)
Independent experts rate countries on: freedom of expression; association and organizational rights; rule of law and human rights; and personal autonomy and economic rights, among other things.
POLITICAL RIGHTS (ZAMBIA SCORED 77%) Independent experts rate countries on: the prevalence of free and fair elections of officials with real power; the ability of citizens to form political parties that may compete fairly in elections; freedom from domination by the military, foreign powers, totalitarian parties, religious hierarchies and economic oligarchies; and the political rights of minority groups, among other things.
GOVERNMENT EFFECTIVENESS (ZAMBIA SCORED 94%)
An index of surveys and expert assessments that rate countries on: the quality of public service provision; civil servants’ competency and independence from political pressures; and the government’s ability to plan and implement sound policies, among other things.
RULE OF LAW (ZAMBIA SCORED 92%)
An index of surveys and expert assessments that rate countries on: the extent to which the public has confidence in and abides by the rules of society; the incidence and impact of violent and nonviolent crime; the effectiveness, independence, and predictability of the judiciary; the protection of
property rights; and the enforceability of contracts, among other things.
CONTROL OF CORRUPTION (ZAMBIA SCORED 71%)
An index of surveys and expert assessments that rate countries on: “grand corruption” in the political arena; the frequency of petty corruption; the effects of corruption on the business environment; and the tendency of elites to engage in “state capture,” among other things.
INVESTING IN PEOPLE
These indicators measure investments in the promotion of broad-based primary education, strengthened capacity to provide quality public health, the reduction of child mortality, and the sustainable management of natura resources.
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH (ZAMBIA SCORED 64%)
Total expenditures on health by government at all levels divided by gross domestic product (GDP).
IMMUNIZATION RATES (ZAMBIA SCORED 79%)
The average of DPT3 and measles immunization coverage rates for the most recent year available.
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON PRIMARY EDUCATION – Total expenditures on primary education by government at all levels divided by GDP.
GIRLS’ PRIMARY COMPLETION RATE (61%) The number of female students enrolled in the last grade of primary education minus repeaters divided by the population in the relevant age cohort (gross intake ratio in the last grade of primary).
NATURAL RESOURCE PROTECTION (ZAMBIA SCORED 100%)
Assesses whether countries are protecting up to 17 percent of all their biomes (e.g., deserts, tropical rainforests, grasslands, savannas and tundra).
ENCOURAGING ECONOMIC FREEDOM
These indicators measure the extent to which a government encourages economic freedom, including a demonstrated commitment to economic policies that: encourage individuals and firms to participate in global trade and international capital markets, promote private sector growth and the sustainable management of natural resources, and strengthen market forces in the economy.
TRADE POLICY (ZAMBIA SCORED 83%)
A measure of a country’s openness to international trade based on weighted average tariff rates and non-tariff barriers to trade.
REGULATORY QUALITY (ZAMBIA SCORED 83%)
An index of surveys and expert assessments that rate countries on: the burden of regulations on business; price controls; the government’s role in the economy; and foreign investment regulation, among other areas.
ACCESS TO CREDIT (ZAMBIA SCORED 100%)
An index that rates countries on rules and practices affecting the coverage, scope and accessibility of credit information available through either a public credit registry or a private credit bureau; as well as legal rights in collateral laws and bankruptcy laws.
GENDER IN THE ECONOMY (ZAMBIA SCORED 87%)
An index that measures the extent to which laws provide women equal capacity to participate in the economy, as well as equality in getting a job, owning property, going to court, and being protected from violence.
Established in 2004, the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) is an innovative foreign assistance program designed to reduce poverty in developing countries through sustainable economic growth. As an independent U.S. Government agency, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) administers the MCA funds that are provided annually by Congress. MCC is managed by a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) with oversight from a Board of Directors. The Board is composed of five public sector members—the Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, U.S. Trade Representative, Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development, and MCC’s CEO and four private sector members appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. MCC draws its diverse staff from various U.S. Government agencies, the private sector, universities, international development agencies, and non-governmental organizations.
Every year, the MCC Board of Directors meets to select countries as eligible to develop a proposal for MCA assistance.
Recognizing that development is achieved by a country’s own efforts, policies, and people, MCC’s assistance offers selected countries an opportunity to identify their own priorities for achieving sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. Once selected as eligible, a country conducts an economic analysis and undertakes the process of developing a proposal for funding in broad consultation with its own citizens. MCC teams work in partnership with eligible countries to refine their compact proposals in order to ensure the programs’ focus on poverty reduction through sustainable economic growth. Proposed compacts also describe how the country plans to manage and implement its MCA program, including how it will ensure financial account-
ability, transparency, and fair and open procurement, as well as how it will measure results.
The 2020 Country Performance Scorebook is the seventeenth publication of country performance data since the establishment of MCC. The Scorebook presents information on country performance on independent and transparent indicators developed by third-parties that measure countries’ demonstrated commitment to just and democratic governance, investments in the people of a country, and economic freedom.
These indicators inform the Board of Directors, MCC staff, Congress, and the Administration of candidate countries’ broad policy framework for encouraging poverty reduction through economic growth.
We hope this can also be a tool for citizens, civil society organizations, journalists, the private sector, and governments around the world to monitor performance and advocate for continued policy reform.
This year’s Scorebook includes data on 77 countries (63 candidates and 14 countries that meet the income parameters for candidacy but are statutorily prohibited from receiving assistance), including countries that were eligible in previous years for compact or threshold assistance. A country is determined to be a candidate for MCA funding if its per capita income falls within predetermined parameters set by Congress and if it is not subject to certain restrictions on U.S. foreign assistance.
For Fiscal Year 2020 (FY20), MCC is continuing to use the historical ceiling for eligibility as set by the World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA) to divide the 77 countries into two income groups for the purpose of comparative analysis on the policy performance indicators. These two income groups include:
1) countries whose GNI per capita is under or equal to $1,925 in FY20 and
2) those countries whose GNI per capita falls between $1,926 and $3,995 in FY20.
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